Glorious History of Bharatpur
Bharatpur – The “Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan”, and Lohagarh Fort were built by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 A.D. The Lohagarh Fort, true to its name stood solidly in the face of many British attacks, frosted them to ends. It faced the British onslaught four times and after a long siege they had to withdraw. It very different from the other forts in the state, there is no flamboyance associated to fort but it generates an aura of strength and magnificence. The fort is surrounded with moat which was previously filled with water to ward off the enemy attacks.
The main entrance of this grand fort is the “Ashtadhatu Gate”. Ashtadhatu means eight metals. This north facing imposing gateway with huge rounded bastions and paintings of war elephants carry a unique history. Originally it belonged to the Chittorgarh which was taken to Delhi by Alauddin Khilji. The victorious Jatstore it down from the walls of imperial Delhi during their attack in 1764 and brought it back with them to Bharatpur .
Bharatpur was once an impregnable and well fortified city, carved out of the region formerly known as Mewat. The place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, The brother of Lord Rama.
The interesting aspect of the Bharatpur history is the domination of Jats in the region since 17th century. SurajMal was the greatest ruler who made a formidable force and played a very important role in the Indian history during 18th century. Maharaja Suraj Mal used all his power and wealth to a good cause, and built numerous forts and palaces in and across his kingdom. In 1753 he sacked Delhi, and in the following years successfully repelled the combined attack of the imperial forces aided by Holkar and Jaipur, and later on signally defeated Holkar at Kumher.