Bharatpur Site Seeing
Bharatpur Site Seeing
“There are lots of beautiful places in and around Bharatpur. The attractions in & around Bharatpur reflect the cultural heritage and richness of Bharatpur. These attractions are a pleasant treat for the eyes of those innumerable visitors who come from every corner of the world.”
There is a saying that the fort could drop only when a huge crocodile gulps down all the water of the moat. Jat rulers never trusted in carelessness. Hence, whilst several other frail forts were destructed easily, Lohargarh stood firm for eternity. This fort gave the entire Bharatpur town a complete protection. The fort stands as a living proof to the gallantry and bravery of the Jat sovereigns of Bharatpur.
Local Market of Bharatpur still in its old world. It’s very near to Lohagarh Fort and one can go by feet. It has two temples and a Mosque in it. One in Ganga Temple and another is Laxman Ji Temple.
Ganga Temple, situated in the heart of Bharatpur city, is one of the most beautiful temples in the state of Rajasthan. The construction of this temple was commenced by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 1845; however, it took almost 90 years to complete it. After completion, an idol of deity Ganga was placed in the temple by Brijendra Singh, who was the fifth descendant of Balwant Singh. The temple thus came to be known as GangaTemple.
Architecture of this temple depicts a confluence of Rajput, Mughal and South Indian styles. The walls and pillars of this temple are adorned with beautiful carvings, while the entrance is marked with the statues of Lord Krishna, Laxmi Narayanji and Shiva Parvati. Inside the temple sits the beautifully decorated idol of Goddess Ganga with a massive image of a crocodile.
Laxman Temple, situated right in the heart of the city, is known to be one of the most prominent temples in Bharatpur. Almost 400 years old, this temple stands right in the middle of the main market area. It is said to have been established by Naaga Baba, a sage who worked for upliftment of the mankind. Displaying typical Rajasthan style of architecture, this beautiful temple is visited by a large number of devotees every year. In the neighbourhood of this temple is another Laxman Temple, which was built by Maharaja Baldev Singh in1870. Made up of sandstone and white marble, this Laxman Temple is home to Ashtdhaatu idols of Laxmanji and Urmilaji. Smaller Ashtdhaatu idols of Ram, Bharat, Shtrughan and Hanuman are also enshrined in this temple. Both the temples can be easily reached from anywhere in the city by a cab, a cycle rickshaw or a tonga. Architecture of this temple depicts a confluence of Rajput, Mughal and South Indian styles. The walls and pillars of this temple are adorned with beautiful carvings, while the entrance is marked with the statues of Lord Krishna, Laxmi Narayanji and Shiva Parvati. Inside the temple sits the beautifully decorated idol of Goddess Ganga with a massive image of a crocodile. Devotees visiting the temple are offered holy water from the river Ganga. The temple is most visited by devotees during the festivals of Gangashaptami and Ganga Dussehra. Positioned at a convenient location in Bharatpur, the temple can be easily reached from anywhere in the city by a taxi, an auto rickshaw, or even a cycle rickshaw.
Keoladeo National Park
Keoladeo National Park, also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park, was created some 250 years ago by Maharaja Suraj Mal. Formerly the private duck shooting reserve of the Maharajas of Bharatpur, this site was established as a bird sanctuary on 13 March 1956 under the name of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Later on 10 March 1982, the site was designated as a national park and was named Keoladeo Ghana National Park. It was in 1985 that this national park was accepted as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. A reserve forest, this national park is the property of the State of Rajasthan of the Indian Union. Keoladeo Ghana National Park is visited by more than 100,000 people on an annual basis. The national park currently features 50 species of fishes, 5 species of amphibians and 7 species of turtles. The park is most famous for its avian fauna of 375 species of birds, including Cranes, Spoonbills, Herons, Pelicans and others. Flora of the park includes trees (particularly kalam), shrubs, marshes and hydrophytes along with 392 species of angiosperms. There are two main seasons to visit the park, monsoon and winter For the maintenance of its vegetation, lakes and marshes, the park is partly dependant on rainfall and partly on the water supply from Ajan Dam (0.5 km from the park). Site of the Keoladeo National Park is hardly 2 km southeast of Bharatpur city, while Delhi and Jaipur are almost equidistant. From the main city, tourists can take a bus, an auto rickshaw or a cycle rickshaw to reach the site. At the main and the barrier, cycle rickshaw and tonga are available for tourists, to get around the park. Electric van of the park is also available for visiting the park, but on special request. Visitors can even request the local administration of the park to arrange the movie, 'Indian Birds of the Monsoon'.
Deeg The ancient capital of Bharatpur Rulers
Deeg Fort (just 36 K.M. from Bharatpur), built by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1730 AD, is situated in the Deeg town that served as the capital of Jat rulers in the 18th century. Square in layout, this central citadel stands over a slightly elevated point and is encircled by a shallow wide moat. The walls that run along 8 km in circumference are pierced by 10 gateways and studded with 72 bastions. A gateway protected with anti-elephant strikes serves as the entrance to the fort. Though the interiors are almost in ruins now, a watch tower still stands erect keeping an eye over the city and the palace. In all, there are 12 towers within the fort, the largest one being Lakha Burj in the northwest corner. The Suraj Mal Haveli, built in a typical bangaldar style, is also a major part of the Deeg Fort. Sprawling gardens in the fort, set on the famous 'Char Bagh' style, are well-maintained, and are often visited by locals for picnics. The fort is flanked by a number of beautiful palaces including Gopal Bhavan, Suraj Bhavan, Nand Bhavan, Kishan Bhavan, Keshav Bhavan, Purana Mahal and Sheesh Mahal. All these palaces are collectively termed as the Deeg Palace, which is yet another popular attraction among tourists. Situated around 35 km from the city of Bharatpur, this fort can be reached by means of a private car or a cab available anywhere in the city.
Taj Mahal (just 54 K.M. from Bharatpur situated in Agra, Uttarpradesh) An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage. Shah Jahan was born in Lahore on 5th January 1592. He was the third son of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. He was named Prince Khurram. He was the fifth Mughal Emperor and officially named Abul Muzaffar Shahbuddin Muhammad Sahib-i Kiran-i Sani. He reigned from 1628 to 1658. He is famous by the name Shah Jahan. The Makrana white marble of the tomb is noted for its variation tone at different times of the day due to variation of light. Taj Mahal appears pinkish in the morning, white in the day, milky white in the evening and golden in the moonlight. The changing color of Taj Mahal is compared to the different moods of woman. When viewed in the foggy morning the Taj Mahal seems to be suspended. Taj Mahal was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1983 and On July 7, 2007, the Taj Mahal was voted as one of New Open World Corporation's New Seven Wonders of the World. As many as 28 kinds of rare, precious and semi- precious stones were used for exquisite inlay work in the Taj Mahal. Metals were brought from all over India and imported from Asian countries.
Mathura & Vrindavan
Vrindavana and Mathura (just 36 K.M. from Bharatpur) are the most important places of pilgrimage for devotees of Krishna. Krishna was born in Mathura and spent His childhood in Vrindavan. There are over 5,000 temples in Vrindavan. It has often been said that it is easier to count the number of dust particles on the surface of the earth than to count the number of holy places in Mathura. Each of the ghats, for instance, has its own Krishna story. Lord Krishna was born in a prison cell in Mathura. His father Vasudev aided by goddess Yogamaya brought him out of Mathura, across the raging river Yamuna into the house of Nanda in Gokula. Krishna spent his early childhood here and revealed His divinity. His uncle Kansa’s murderous attempts lead Krishna to leave Gokula and move to Nandgaon, a more secure home high up on a hill. From here the young Krishna the cowherd boy would wander into the Vrindavan forests to play with His friends and dally with Radha, His consort. Vrindavan, is a transcendental world, a place of Krishna’s lila. Each tree in the area speaks, as it were, of the love of the Divine Couple. Vrindavan, around 15 km from Mathura. Madan Mohan Temple on the riverside is the oldest structure in Vrindavan. Other main, old and popular temples of Vrindavan are Banke Bihari Temple, Govinda Dev Temple, Radha-Gopinath Temple, Jugal Kisore Temple (Kesi ghata temple), Sri Ranganatha (Rangaji) Temple, Radharamana Temple, Radha Damodara Temple, Main Temples and Holy Places of Mathura are Dvarkadhish Temple, Kesavadeva Temple, Jami and Katra Masjids.